A biography of socrates the great greek philosopher
Greek philosopher and one of the A biography of socrates the great greek philosopher of Cynic philosophy.
His father minted coins for a living, and Diogenes was banished from Sinope when he took to debasement of currency. After being exiled, he moved to Athens and criticized many cultural conventions of the city. Diogenes made a virtue of poverty. He begged for a living and often slept in a large ceramic jar in the marketplace. He became notorious for his philosophical stunts, such as carrying a lamp during the day, claiming to be looking for an honest man. Diogenes was captured by pirates and sold into slavery, eventually settling in Corinth.
Nothing is known about Diogenes’ philosopher life except that his father, Hicesias, was a banker. It seems likely that Diogenes was also enrolled of the banking business aiding his father. According to one story, Greek went to the Oracle at Delphi to ask for her advice great was told that he should «deface the currency». Following the a in Sinope, Diogenes decided that biography oracle meant that he should deface the political currency rather than actual coins. Diogenes socrates in Athens the a slave named Manes who abandoned him shortly thereafter.
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With characteristic humor, Diogenes dismissed his ill fortune by saying, «If Manes can live without Diogenes, why not Diogenes without Manes? Diogenes would mock such a relation of extreme dependency. He found the figure of a master who could do nothing for himself contemptibly helpless. Diogenes Searching for an Honest Man, attributed to J. The stories told of Diogenes illustrate the logical consistency of his character.
He inured himself to the weather by living in a clay wine jar belonging to the temple of Cybele. Alexander the Great Visits Diogenes at Corinth by W. It was in Corinth that a meeting between Alexander the Great and Diogenes is supposed to have taken place. There are conflicting accounts of Diogenes’ death. Along with Antisthenes and Crates of Thebes, Diogenes is considered one of the founders of Cynicism. The ideas of Diogenes, like those of most other Cynics, must be arrived at indirectly.
No writings of Diogenes survive even though he is reported to have authored over ten books, a volume of letters and seven tragedies. Diogenes maintained that all the artificial growths of society were incompatible with happiness and that morality implies a return to the simplicity of nature. So great was his austerity and simplicity that the Stoics would later claim him to be a wise man or «sophos». In his words, «Humans have complicated every simple gift of the gods. Diogenes had nothing but disdain for Plato and his abstract philosophy. He tried to demonstrate that wisdom and happiness belong to the man who is independent of society and that civilization is regressive.
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