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Palestinian peace process leaked to Al Jazeera, which published them between 23 and 26 January 2011. Al Jazeera and The Guardian say they have authenticated the documents, and a media adviser to Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert also affirmed their authenticity. Palestinian people, and Israel from 1999 to 2010. The negotiations in 1993 that led to the Oslo Accords were the first direct negotiations between the parties.
In 2011, when the Papers were published, the negotiations were in a deadlock after the refusal in September 2010 of the Benjamin Netanyahu government to extend the freeze of settlements building over ten months. The documents were obtained by Al Jazeera and shared in advance of publication with The Guardian in an effort to ensure the wider availability of their content. The Guardian has authenticated the bulk of the Papers independently, but has not sought or been given access to the sources of the documents. The NSU was the PLO’s main technical and legal advice organ in the peace negotiations, set up in 1999 and headed by Saeb Erekat.
On 27 January 2011, following Al Jazeera’s broadcast of the Palestine Papers, Saeb Erekat appeared on Al Jazeera Arabic, condemning the publication. He accused Al Jazeera journalist Clayton Swisher, who delivered the disclosure of the Palestine Papers, of being a CIA agent and of working for the NSU. A few weeks after the publication of the Palestine Papers, on 11 February 2011, Erekat resigned as Chief PLO Negotiator, citing the release of the papers and due to an internal Palestinian investigation that suggested the Palestine Papers leak had come from a source inside Erekat’s office. In his book The Palestine Papers: The End of the Road? Swisher confirmed account, as he wrote, «In the fall of 2010, I traveled the world meeting with US, Israeli, papers Palestinian Authority officials who had no idea that I held in my possession the secret records of their negotiations». In a 14 May 2011 op-ed article in the English, Ziyad Clot, a French lawyer of Palestinian descent and a former adviser for the NSU involved in 2008 Annapolis negotiations exposed himself as one of the sources of the leaks.
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The Palestine Papers include many minutes of bilateral meetings between Israel and the Palestinians and with the USA as well as minutes of joint trilateral meetings. Akiva Eldar, writing in Haaretz, said that the documents are more important than those released by Wikileaks because they deal with current issues regarding permanent borders in the West Bank and East Jerusalem. At a meeting in November 2007, Tzipi Livni told Ahmed Qurei that «I understand the sentiments of the Palestinians when they see the settlements being built. According to the documents, in a meeting with Livni in Jerusalem, Qurei proposed that Israel annex all settlements along the border except for the large cities and towns of Giv’at Ze’ev, Ma’ale Adumim, Ariel, and Efrat.
Napkin map» is a colloquial name for a Palestinian sketch made by Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas on a napkin, of a map with land swap proposals shown to him by then Prime Minister Ehud Olmert during peace negotiations in mid-2008. According to Al Jazeera, Abbas was not allowed to keep the unofficial map, so he sketched it by hand. In Prime Minister Olmert’s own proposal, Israel would annex 6. The third and final meeting occurred on 16 September 2008. It was during this time that Ehud Olmert was nearing the end of his political career. At the time, Olmert was under police investigation for alleged corruption that had occurred while he was Mayor of Jerusalem, and as a result of the accusations was not planning on running again.
Prime Minister Olmert provide them with a copy of the map, which was again denied. In the end, however, Mahmoud Abbas asked for a few days to consider the offer. A day after this meeting, Olmert resigned and Tzipi Livni stepped in as Acting Prime Minister, with Benjamin Netanyahu being elected shortly afterward. According to one of the documents, the Palestinian Authority was prepared to concede most Israeli settlements in East Jerusalem, as well as the Armenian Quarter, with the exception of Har Homa.
At the meeting in Jerusalem in November 2007, Tzipi Livni became visibly angry when asked about the demographic composition of the future Israeli state. She was quoted as saying, «Israel the state of the Jewish people—and I would like to emphasize the meaning of ‘its people’ is the Jewish people—with Jerusalem the united and undivided capital of Israel and of the Jewish people for 3,007 years». The Palestinians team then protested her position on Jerusalem. The minutes of the trilateral meeting on 26 August 2008 reveal that Israel not only demands a «demilitarized» Palestinian state, but also wants to keep control over borders, Jordan Valley and airspace, after withdrawal of the Israeli forces from the West Bank, for reasons of security. Yankie Galenty, a media adviser for Ehud Olmert, affirmed the complete authenticity of the documents in an interview.
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