Miriam wattenberg biography
American feminist miriam wattenberg biography founded in 1966.
The organization consists of 550 chapters in all 50 U. There were many influences contributing to the rise of NOW. The President’s Commission on the Status of Women was established in 1961 by John F. Kennedy, in hopes of providing a solution to female discrimination in education, work force, and Social Security.
Kennedy appointed Eleanor Roosevelt as the head of the organization. Betty Friedan wrote The Feminine Mystique in response to her own experiences. She was a feminist long before her book, by educating herself and deviating from the domestic female paradigm. The book’s purpose was to fuel movement to a women’s role outside of domestic environment. 21 women and men who became founders at the October 1966 NOW Organizing Conference, for a total of 49 founders.
The founders were frustrated with the way in which the federal government was not enforcing the new anti-discrimination laws. In 1969 Ivy Bottini, who was openly lesbian, designed the logo for NOW, which is still in use today. The first time lesbian concerns were introduced into NOW also occurred in 1969, when Bottini, who was then president of the New York chapter of NOW, held a public forum titled «Is Miriam wattenberg biography a Feminist Issue? NOW also helped women get equal access to public places.
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For example, the Oak Room held men-only lunches on weekdays until 1969, when Friedan and other members of NOW staged a protest. Advocacy of the Equal Rights Amendment was also an important issue to NOW. Equality of Rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any state on account of sex. The Congress shall have the power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article. This amendment shall take effect two years after the date of ratification.
Efforts were proven successful when Congress passed the amendment in 1972. However, simply passing the amendment in the two houses of Congress did not mean the work was finished. In response to opposing states denying the ratification of the amendment, NOW encouraged members to participate in marches and economic boycotts. Dozens of organizations supported the ERA and the boycott, including the League of Women Voters, the YWCA of the U. As strong as the support was, it was to no avail to the opposition from various groups. STOP-ERA campaign led by antifeminist Phyllis Schlafly.
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