Sources of literature

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Sparknotes App Over 500 literature guides. Try it free for one month! QUIZ: What Kind of Valentine’s Day Card Should You Send Your Crush? Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. This article needs additional citations for verification. This article possibly contains original research.

This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. This article needs attention from an expert on the subject. Please add a reason or a talk parameter to this template to explain the issue with the article. Early works of Japanese literature were heavily influenced by cultural contact with China and Chinese literature, often written in Classical Chinese. Before the introduction of kanji from China, the Japanese had no writing system.

It is believed that Chinese characters came to Japan at the very beginning of the fifth century, brought by immigrants from the mainland of Korean and Chinese descent. Murasaki Shikibu, the author of The Tale of Genji. The Heian period has been referred to as the golden era of art and literature in Japan. During this era, literature became centered on a cultural elite of nobility and monks. The imperial court particularly patronized the poets, most of whom were courtiers or ladies-in-waiting.

11th century by a woman named Murasaki Shikibu, is considered the pre-eminent novel of Heian fiction. Japan experienced many civil wars which led to the development of a warrior class, and subsequent war tales, histories, and related stories. Despite a decline in the importance of the imperial court, aristocratic literature remained the center of Japanese culture at the beginning of the Kamakura period. Many literary works were marked by a nostalgia for the Heian period. Classical court literature, which had been the focal point of Japanese literature up until this point, gradually disappeared. Many different genres of literature made their début during the Edo Period, helped by a rising literacy rate among the growing population of townspeople, as well as the development of lending libraries. His poems were influenced by his firsthand experience of the world around him, often encapsulating the feeling of a scene in a few simple elements.

Sources of literature made his life’s work the transformation of haikai into a literary genre. Before her time, haiku by women were often dismissed and ignored. Her dedication toward her career not only paved a way for her career but it also opened a path for other women to follow. Japan’s Mark Twain and wrote Tōkaidōchū Hizakurige, which is a mix of travelogue and comedy. Japan’s most famous woodblock print artist, also illustrated fiction as well as his famous 36 Views of Mount Fuji.

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Nevertheless, in the Tokugawa, as in earlier periods, scholarly work continued to be published in Chinese, which was the language of the learned much as Latin was in Europe. The Meiji period marks the re-opening of Japan to the West, ending over two centuries of period of national seclusion, and a period of rapid industrialization. The introduction of European literature brought free verse into the poetic repertoire. He is known best for his collections of Japanese legends and ghost stories, such as Kwaidan: Stories and Studies of Strange Things. Fukuzawa Yukichi authored Enlightenment literature, while pre-modern popular books depicted the quickly changing country.

Myōjō and Bungaku-kai in the early 1900s. War-time Japan saw the début of several authors best known for the beauty of their language and their tales of love and sensuality, notably Jun’ichirō Tanizaki and Japan’s first winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature, Yasunari Kawabata, a master of psychological fiction. World War II, and Japan’s defeat, deeply influenced Japanese literature. Many authors wrote stories of disaffection, loss of purpose, and the coping with defeat.

Prominent writers of the 1970s and 1980s were identified with intellectual and moral issues in their attempts to raise social and political consciousness. One of them, Kenzaburō Ōe published his best-known work, A Personal Matter in 1964 and became Japan’s second winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature. Japanese experience in modern terms without using either international styles or traditional conventions, developed new inner visions. Haruki Murakami is one of the most popular and controversial of today’s Japanese authors. His genre-defying, humorous and surreal works have sparked fierce debates in Japan over whether they are true «literature» or simple pop-fiction: Kenzaburō Ōe has been one of his harshest critics. Banana Yoshimoto, a best-selling contemporary author whose «manga-esque» style of writing sparked much controversy when she debuted in the late 1980s, has come to be recognized as a unique and talented author over the intervening years. Her writing style stresses dialogue over description, resembling the script of a manga, and her works focus on love, friendship, and loss.

Although modern Japanese writers covered a wide variety of subjects, one particularly Japanese approach stressed their subjects’ inner lives, widening the earlier novel’s preoccupation with the narrator’s consciousness. In Japanese fiction, plot development and action have often been of secondary interest to emotional issues. In keeping with the general trend toward reaffirming national characteristics, many old themes re-emerged, and some authors turned consciously to the past. Popular fiction, non-fiction, and children’s literature all flourished in urban Japan in the 1980s. Many popular works fell between «pure literature» and pulp novels, including all sorts of historical serials, information-packed docudramas, science fiction, mysteries, detective fiction, business stories, war journals, and animal stories. Non-fiction covered everything from crime to politics.

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